Picture Framing Matting Ideas
When mats were first invented, they had two core functions. One was to provide an area for visual relief so the art could be viewed without the distraction of the nearby surroundings. Secondly, the depth of the mat also serves as a spacer to keep the glass from touching the face of the art.
In the past few decades, mats have taken on a more decorative role. Since mats are now available in many colours, patterns and textures, they are used to match colours in the art and to coordinate with the room decor.
Mat borders are also an important consideration. It is best to avoid having mat borders the same width as the frame surrounding them. Generally, it will look best if the mat is somewhat wider than the frame. Too narrow a border can bring down the perceived value of the art and it tends to look crowded in the frame.
Most mats have square or rectangular window openings, but other cuts are possible. The opening can conform to irregular art shapes. An angled corner (octagon) can cover damaged corners on the art, etc.